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SpringBoot集成Kafka,实现简单的收发消息

实现之前一定要把JDK,Zookeeper和Kafka都配置好

需要先配置下Kafka

在kafka的config目录下找到server.properties配置文件

SpringBoot集成Kafka,实现简单的收发消息插图
image.png

listenersadvertised.listeners两处配置的注释去掉,可以根据需要配置连接的服务器外网IP端口号,我这里演示选择的是本地localhost和默认端口9092

Kafka与SpringBoot进行整合

1.引入依赖

<dependency>
     <groupId>org.springframework.kafka</groupId>
     <artifactId>spring-kafka</artifactId>
</dependency>

2.编写生产者和消费者

@RestController
public class KafkaController {
    private static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(KafkaController.class);
    @Autowired
    private KafkaTemplate<String, String> kafkaTemplate;

    @GetMapping("/kafka")
    public String testKafka() {
        int iMax = 100;
        for (int i = 1; i < iMax; i++) {
            kafkaTemplate.send("test","key" + i, "data" + i);
        }
        return "success";
    }

    @KafkaListener(topics = "test")
    public void receive(ConsumerRecord<?, ?> consumer) {
        logger.info("{} - {}:{}", consumer.topic(), consumer.key(), consumer.value());
    }
}

相关代码说明

KafkaTemplate这个类包装了个生产者Producer,来提供方便的发送数据到kafka的主题topic里面。
send()方法的源码,KafkaTemplate类中还重载了很多send()方法,有需要可以看看源码

public ListenableFuture<SendResult<K, V>> send(String topic, K key, @Nullable V data) {
        ProducerRecord<K, V> producerRecord = new ProducerRecord(topic, key, data);
        return this.doSend(producerRecord);
    }

通过KafkaTemplate模板类发送数据。
kafkaTemplate.send(String topic, K key, V data),第一个入参是主题,第二个入参是发送的对象,第三个入参是发送的数据。通过@KafkaListener注解配置用户监听topics

配置文件application.yml

spring:
  kafka:
    bootstrap-servers: localhost:9092
    consumer:
      group-id: kafka2
      auto-offset-reset: earliest
      key-deserializer: org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer
      value-deserializer: org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer
    producer:
      key-serializer: org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer
      value-serializer: org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer

bootstrap-servers:kafka服务器地址(可以多个)
consumer.group-id:指定一个默认的组名
不指定的话会报

java.lang.IllegalStateException: No group.id found in consumer config, 
container properties, or @KafkaListener annotation; 
a group.id is required when group management is used.
auto-offset-reset:自动偏移量

1.earliest :当各分区下有已提交的offset时,从提交的offset开始消费;无提交的offset时,从头开始消费
2.latest :当各分区下有已提交的offset时,从提交的offset开始消费;无提交的offset时,消费新产生的该分区下的数据
3.nonetopic各分区都存在已提交的offset时,从offset后开始消费;只要有一个分区不存在已提交的offset,则抛出异常

这个属性也是必须配置的,不然也是会报错的

org.apache.kafka.common.config.ConfigException: 
Invalid value  for configuration auto.offset.reset: 
String must be one of: latest, earliest, none

消息序列化和反序列化

在使用Kafka发送接收消息时,生产者producer端需要序列化,消费者consumer端需要反序列化,由于网络传输过来的是byte[],只有反序列化后才能得到生产者发送的真实的消息内容。这样消息才能进行网络传输
consumer.key-deserializerconsumer.value-deserializer是消费者key/value反序列化
producer.key-deserializerproducer.value-deserializer是生产者key/value序列化

StringDeserializer是内置的字符串反序列化方式

public class StringDeserializer implements Deserializer<String> {
  public String deserialize(String topic, byte[] data) {
        try {
        //如果数据为空,那么直接返回null即可,否则将byte[]反序列化,即转为String即可
            return data == null ? null : new String(data, this.encoding);
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException var4) {
            throw new SerializationException("Error when deserializing byte[] to string due to unsupported encoding " + this.encoding);
        }
    }
   ......
}

StringSerializer是内置的字符串序列化方式

public class StringSerializer implements Serializer<String> {
    public byte[] serialize(String topic, String data) {
        try {
        //如果数据为空,那么直接返回null即可,否则将String序列化,即转为byte[]即可
            return data == null ? null : data.getBytes(this.encoding);
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException var4) {
            throw new SerializationException("Error when serializing string to byte[] due to unsupported encoding " + this.encoding);
        }
    }
    ......
}

org.apache.kafka.common.serialization源码包中还提供了多种类型的序列化和反序列化方式
要自定义序列化方式,需要实现接口Serializer
要自定义反序列化方式,需要实现接口Deserializer

详细可以参考
https://blog.csdn.net/shirukai/article/details/82152172

启动项目进行测试

这是Kafka的消费者Consumer的配置信息,每个消费者都会输出该配置信息

    auto.commit.interval.ms = 5000
    auto.offset.reset = earliest
    bootstrap.servers = [localhost:9092]
    check.crcs = true
    client.id = 
    connections.max.idle.ms = 540000
    default.api.timeout.ms = 60000
    enable.auto.commit = true
    exclude.internal.topics = true
    fetch.max.bytes = 52428800
    fetch.max.wait.ms = 500
    fetch.min.bytes = 1
    group.id = kafka2
    heartbeat.interval.ms = 3000
    interceptor.classes = []
    internal.leave.group.on.close = true
    isolation.level = read_uncommitted
    key.deserializer = class org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer
    max.partition.fetch.bytes = 1048576
    max.poll.interval.ms = 300000
    max.poll.records = 500
    metadata.max.age.ms = 300000
    metric.reporters = []
    metrics.num.samples = 2
    metrics.recording.level = INFO
    metrics.sample.window.ms = 30000
    partition.assignment.strategy = [class org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.RangeAssignor]
    receive.buffer.bytes = 65536
    reconnect.backoff.max.ms = 1000
    reconnect.backoff.ms = 50
    request.timeout.ms = 30000
    retry.backoff.ms = 100
    sasl.client.callback.handler.class = null
    sasl.jaas.config = null
    sasl.kerberos.kinit.cmd = /usr/bin/kinit
    sasl.kerberos.min.time.before.relogin = 60000
    sasl.kerberos.service.name = null
    sasl.kerberos.ticket.renew.jitter = 0.05
    sasl.kerberos.ticket.renew.window.factor = 0.8
    sasl.login.callback.handler.class = null
    sasl.login.class = null
    sasl.login.refresh.buffer.seconds = 300
    sasl.login.refresh.min.period.seconds = 60
    sasl.login.refresh.window.factor = 0.8
    sasl.login.refresh.window.jitter = 0.05
    sasl.mechanism = GSSAPI
    security.protocol = PLAINTEXT
    send.buffer.bytes = 131072
    session.timeout.ms = 10000
    ssl.cipher.suites = null
    ssl.enabled.protocols = [TLSv1.2, TLSv1.1, TLSv1]
    ssl.endpoint.identification.algorithm = https
    ssl.key.password = null
    ssl.keymanager.algorithm = SunX509
    ssl.keystore.location = null
    ssl.keystore.password = null
    ssl.keystore.type = JKS
    ssl.protocol = TLS
    ssl.provider = null
    ssl.secure.random.implementation = null
    ssl.trustmanager.algorithm = PKIX
    ssl.truststore.location = null
    ssl.truststore.password = null
    ssl.truststore.type = JKS
    value.deserializer = class org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer

2018-11-22 14:16:53.465  INFO 11980 --- [           main] o.a.kafka.common.utils.AppInfoParser     : Kafka version : 2.0.0
2018-11-22 14:16:53.465  INFO 11980 --- [           main] o.a.kafka.common.utils.AppInfoParser     : Kafka commitId : 3402a8361b734732
2018-11-22 14:16:57.664  INFO 11980 --- [           main] org.apache.kafka.clients.Metadata        : Cluster ID: d3n7Snc2TFmSFcNsHjqgVw

访问http://localhost:8080/kafka,就可以看到控制台打印消息了

SpringBoot集成Kafka,实现简单的收发消息插图1
image.png

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